How to build gaming pc by own

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Looking to purchase a gaming PC or you just wanna build your own? Ensure the performance before purchasing.

Building your own gaming PC can be a rewarding experience that yields convenience, financial savings, and a long-lasting, high-end setup. Mainly we do it because it can be less expensive than buying a prebuilt machine, particularly when it comes to using very high-end components.

Choose a Processor (CPU):
Choose a high-performance CPU that is compatible with the motherboard you have chosen. Both AMD and Intel have their own advantages when it comes to building a gaming PC.

AMD can cut your price when moving to a higher range and Intel can cut in a lower range.

PC Gamer reports both AMD and Intel offer CPUs with different specs and features.
  • AMD Ryzen processor offers superior power efficiency and scalability.
  • Intel’s Alder Lake and Raptor Lake chips offer class-leading performance in gaming and content creation.
Choose a Graphics Card (GPU):
Select a GPU that is compatible with your CPU and has the performance you need for your preferred games. Nvidia and AMD are the main players.

GPU is a specialized processor to handle the complex calculations required for rendering images, videos, and animations. It renders the graphics that you see on your computer. A powerful GPU can make the difference between a smooth, immersive gaming experience and a choppy, frustrating one.

Choose a Motherboard:
Pick a motherboard that is compatible with your CPU and GPU and has the features you need, such as enough RAM slots and storage ports.
  • Form Factor: The form factor of a motherboard determines its size and compatibility with different cases. The most common form factors are ATX, Micro-ATX, and Mini-ITX. Choosing the right form factor ensures a seamless fit within your chosen PC enclosure, optimizing both aesthetics and functionality.
  • Socket Type: The socket type of a motherboard determines which CPU it can support. For example, if you want to use an Intel CPU, you need a motherboard with an LGA 1200 or LGA 1700 socket. Compatibility between the CPU and motherboard socket is paramount, as an incorrect match will render the components incompatible.
  • Chipset: The chipset of a motherboard determines its features and capabilities. For instance, if you intend to overclock your CPU, you'll need a motherboard with a Z-series chipset. Different chipsets offer varying levels of support for features like overclocking, multiple GPU setups, and advanced storage options, tailoring your system to your specific needs.
  • Expansion Slots: Expansion slots on a motherboard provide the ability to incorporate additional components into your system, such as graphics cards, sound cards, and network cards. Understanding the number and type of expansion slots available ensures that your motherboard can accommodate the peripherals necessary for your desired computing experience.
  • RAM Support: The RAM support of a motherboard dictates the maximum amount of RAM it can handle and the speed at which it can operate. This crucial specification directly impacts the system's multitasking capabilities and overall performance. Ensuring that the motherboard can support the desired RAM configuration is vital for optimal system performance.
Choose Memory (RAM):
Select the amount of RAM you need for your preferred games and applications.

When choosing RAM for your gaming PC, it’s important to consider your budget and the specific needs of your system. You should also read reviews online to get feedback from other gamers and ensure that the RAM you choose is compatible with your other components.
  • Memory capacity: The amount of RAM you need for gaming largely depends on the type of games you play and the resolution of your monitor. Most modern games require a minimum of 8GB of RAM, but to future-proof your system, it’s best to opt for 16 GB or even 32GB of RAM.
  • Memory speed: The speed of your RAM can also affect gaming performance. Faster RAM can help improve frame rates and reduce loading times. DDR4 is currently the most common type of RAM used in gaming PCs, and it comes in different speeds ranging from 2133MHz to 4800MHz.
  • Latency: Latency is the time it takes for your RAM to respond to requests from your CPU. Lower latency means faster response times, which can help improve gaming performance. Look for RAM with a low CAS latency (CL) number.
Choose Storage:
Decide between a solid-state drive (SSD) or a hard disk drive (HDD) for your primary storage and choose the appropriate size.

As the tech world grows we have changed a lot in performance. Now compared to HDD (traditional storage) SSD is the better choice. SSD will cost you more but give you amazing performance.

SSD is more expensive, faster read & write, durable, silent operation, and consumes less power than HDD.

Choose a Power Supply Unit (PSU):
Select a high-quality power supply that can handle the power requirements of your components. Because it can affect the performance and longevity of your system.
  • Wattage: The wattage of a PSU determines how much power it can deliver to your system. You need to determine how many watts your system consumes and leave enough headroom for future upgrades. A good rule of thumb is to choose a PSU that has at least 20% more wattage than your system needs.
  • Efficiency: The efficiency of a PSU determines how much power it draws from the socket to deliver power to your system. The more efficient the power supply, the better for the environment and your electricity bill.
  • Modularity: Modular PSUs allow you to connect only the cables you need, which can help reduce clutter and improve airflow inside your case.
It’s important to choose a reputable brand and high-quality PSU to ensure that it’s reliable and safe for your system.

Choose a Case:
Choose a case that fits your components and provides good cooling and cable management options.
  • Size and form factor: The size of the case will depend on the size of your motherboard and other components. There are three main form factors: ATX, microATX, and mini-ITX. ATX is the largest form factor and can accommodate the most components. MicroATX is a smaller form factor that is still suitable for most gaming PCs. Mini-ITX is the smallest form factor and is best for small builds.
  • Airflow: Airflow is important for keeping your components cool, especially when you are overclocking them. Look for a case with good ventilation, such as plenty of mesh panels and fan mounts.
  • Cooling system support: If you plan to use liquid cooling, make sure the case has the necessary mounting points for a radiator.
  • Graphics card capability: Ensure the case can accommodate your graphics card and other components. Some cases have a limited length for graphics cards. Make sure the case you choose can accommodate the graphics card you want to install.
  • Cable Management: Look for cases with ample space and routing options. A good cable management system will help keep your case organized and free of clutter. This can improve airflow and make it easier to troubleshoot problems.
  • Storage Options: Consider the number of drive bays for SSDs and HDDs you'll need.
  • Ports and Accessibility: Ensure the case has the necessary ports and features for your peripherals.
Assemble the PC:
Put the components together in the case, making sure to connect all the cables correctly.

Installation Operating System:
Install an operating system, such as Windows, on your new PC.

Installing the operating system (OS) on your newly built gaming PC is a crucial step. Here's a step-by-step guide:

  1. Prepare Installation Media: Create a bootable USB drive with the OS of your choice (e.g., Windows, Linux) using a tool like Rufus (for Windows) or UNetbootin (for Linux).
  2. BIOS/UEFI Settings: Power on your PC and enter the BIOS/UEFI settings by pressing the designated key (usually Del, F2, F10, or Esc) during startup. Set the boot order to prioritize booting from the USB drive.
  3. Boot from USB: Save the BIOS settings and restart your PC with the bootable USB drive inserted.
  4. Install the OS: Follow the on-screen instructions to install the OS. For Windows, this includes selecting language, time/currency format, and keyboard layout.
  5. License Key (if applicable): Enter the license key when prompted. Make sure you have a valid key ready.
  6. Partition and Format Drives (if needed): If you have multiple drives, you may need to partition and format them during the installation process.
  7. Complete OS Setup: Follow the prompts to create a user account, set up passwords, and customize settings.
  8. Install Drivers: After the OS is installed, install the necessary drivers (graphics card, motherboard, etc.) using the provided discs or download them from the manufacturer's website.
  9. Windows Updates (if using Windows): Check for and install any available updates.
  10. Install Software and Games: Install essential software, drivers, and your favorite games.
  11. Activate Security Software (e.g., Antivirus): Install and activate any security software you prefer.
  12. Final Checks: Ensure all components are recognized and working properly.
Your gaming PC is now ready for action. Regularly update your OS, drivers, and software to ensure optimal performance and security.

Happy Gaming!
(This post was last modified: 09-14-2023, 05:50 AM by johnthan. Edit Reason: Added details )

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